Following ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients have two options: a fresh embryo transfer, which takes place after 5 days of embryo development, or a frozen embryo transfer (FET), which takes place at the patientundefineds convenience during the appropriate time in the patientundefineds menstrual cycle.
Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET) is a relatively simple procedure in which a previously frozen embryo is thawed and inserted into a uterus using a catheter.
Patients who choose to perform preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) will be candidates for FET: after an embryo is biopsied for PGT, the embryo is frozen in the embryology laboratory while the embryo culture is sent to the PGT lab for testing.
Frozen Embryo Transfer is recommended for individuals or couples who:
Patients who transfer single euploid embryo at NYU Langone Fertility Center have approximately a 60% chance of pregnancy per transfer. The amount of time between embryo freezing and embryo thawing does not impact the implantation success rate.
When you are ready, your doctor will track your menstrual cycle, scheduling the frozen embryo transfer when your uterus is in the optimal phase to receive the embryo. In most cases, medication will be prescribed for 2-3 weeks prior to transfer to prepare the uterine lining for implantation.
FET cycles are covered by some insurance carriers. Patients will be referred to a member of our Prior Authorization team to review coverage. The out-of-pocket cost for an FET without insurance coverage is $2,000 following an IVF cycle, not including medication. The out-of-pocket cost for subsequent FETs is $4,000 per cycle.
Pregnancy can be detected nine (9) days after an FET. Patients will return to our office for a blood test to check levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Normal rising hCG levels indicate that the embryo has successfully implanted in the uterine lining, resulting in pregnancy. If the pregnancy test result is negative, patients will consult with their physician to determine next steps in their care process.
Patients may experience some mild discomfort during an FET, but most compare the sensation to that of a pap smear. Following transfer, patients are typically allowed to resume normal activity upon leaving the office, however patients are encouraged to maintain safe and healthy practices in preparation for attempted pregnancy. Patients must continue to take all medications as instructed, even after the FET has been performed. It is imperative that patients continue to take their medications as directed for the duration of their care.
At NYU Langone Fertility Center, we are dedicated to providing our patients with exceptional clinical care to help them build their families. Our first job is to support you, so please bring all your questions to our team of world-class specialists for an introductory consultation.